自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版

您目前所在的位置:首页 - 期刊简介 - 详细页面

中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 24    No. 3    March 2017

[PDF Download]    [Flash Online]

    

A new image watermarking framework based on levels-directions decomposition in contourlet representation
M. F. Kazemi1, M. A. Pourmina1, A. H. Mazinan2

1. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Science and Research Branch,
Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran;
2. Department of Control Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, South Tehran Branch,
Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran

Abstract:With the development of digital information technologies, robust watermarking framework is taken into real consideration as a challenging issue in the area of image processing, due to the large applicabilities and its utilities in a number of academic and real environments. There are a wide range of solutions to provide image watermarking frameworks, while each one of them is attempted to address an efficient and applicable idea. In reality, the traditional techniques do not have sufficient merit to realize an accurate application. Due to the fact that the main idea behind the approach is organized based on contourlet representation, the only state-of-the-art materials that are investigated along with an integration of the aforementioned contourlet representation in line with watermarking framework are concentrated to be able to propose the novel and skilled technique. In a word, the main process of the proposed robust watermarking framework is organized to deal with both new embedding and de-embedding processes in the area of contourlet transform to generate watermarked image and the corresponding extracted logo image with high accuracy. In fact, the motivation of the approach is that the suggested complexity can be of novelty, which consists of the contourlet representation, the embedding and the corresponding de-embedding modules and the performance monitoring including an analysis of the watermarked image as well as the extracted logo image. There is also a scrambling module that is working in association with levels-directions decomposition in contourlet embedding mechanism, while a decision maker system is designed to deal with the appropriate number of sub-bands to be embedded in the presence of a series of simulated attacks. The required performance is tangibly considered through an integration of the peak signal-to-noise ratio and the structural similarity indices that are related to watermarked image. And the bit error rate and the normal correlation are considered that are related to the extracted logo analysis, as well. Subsequently, the outcomes are fully analyzed to be competitive with respect to the potential techniques in the image colour models including hue or tint in terms of their shade, saturation or amount of gray and their brightness via value or luminance and also hue, saturation and intensity representations, as long as the performance of the whole of channels are concentrated to be presented. The performance monitoring outcomes indicate that the proposed framework is of significance to be verified.

 

Key words: contourlet based watermarking framework; levels-directions decomposition; embedding process; de-embedding process; peak signal-to-noise ratio; structural similarity indices; normal correlation; bit error rate

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
版权所有:《中南大学学报(自然科学版、英文版)》编辑部
地 址:湖南省长沙市中南大学 邮编: 410083
电 话: 0731-88879765(中) 88836963(英) 传真: 0731-88877727
电子邮箱:zngdxb@csu.edu.cn 湘ICP备09001153号