自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版

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中南大学学报(英文版)

Journal of Central South University

Vol. 25    No. 8    August 2018

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Frictional characteristics of sheet metals with superimposed ultrasonic vibrations
Cao Miao-yan(曹秒艳)1, LI Jian-chao(李建超)2, LIU Yan-yang(刘艳阳)2,YUAN Ya-ning(苑亚宁)3, ZHAO Chang-cai(赵长财)3, DONG Guo-jiang(董国疆)4

1. National Engineering Research Center for Equipment and Technology of Cold Strip Rolling,Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China;
2. Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences, Beijing 100083, China;
3. Key Laboratory of Advanced Forging & Stamping Technology and Science of Ministry of Education of China, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China;
4. College of Vehicles and Energy, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China

Abstract:The forming performance of sheet metals in the deep-drawing process with ultrasonic vibrations can be improved by the surface effect between the sheet metal and the die. A sheet metal friction test with ultrasonic vibrations is performed to explore the cause of the surface effect. The frictional characteristics are investigated, and the corresponding friction expressions are established based on the contact mechanics and the elastic–plastic contact model for rough surfaces. Friction is caused by the elastic–plastic deformation of contacting asperities under normal loads. The actual contacting region between two surfaces increases with normal loads, whereas the normal distance decreases. The normal distance between the contacting surfaces is changed, asperities generate a tangential deformation with ultrasonic vibrations, and the friction coefficient is eventually altered. Ultrasonic vibrations are applied on a 40Cr steel punch at the frequency of 20 kHz and the amplitude of 4.2 μm. In the friction tests, the punch is perpendicular to the surface of the magnesium alloy AZ31B sheet metals and is sliding with a relative velocity of 1 mm/s. The test results show that the friction coefficient is decreased by approximately 40% and the theoretical values are in accordance with the test values; Ultrasonic vibrations can clearly reduce wear and improve the surface quality of parts.

 

Key words: friction; ultrasonic vibrations; sheet metals; contact model

中南大学学报(自然科学版)
  ISSN 1672-7207
CN 43-1426/N
ZDXZAC
中南大学学报(英文版)
  ISSN 2095-2899
CN 43-1516/TB
JCSTFT
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